02/25/2012 07:15 pm ET Updated Apr 26, 2012 Let's look at an example of how science understands sacred scripture by taking a closer look at historical criticism of the New Testament. .buynow-education-pointer{display:block;position:relative;height:.5rem;margin:.5rem 0;border-bottom:1px solid #D8D8D8}.buynow-education-pointer .caret{display:block;position:absolute;bottom:0;height:1rem;width:1rem;border:0 solid #D8D8D8;border-width:1px 1px 0 0;transform:rotate(-45deg) translate(-.7rem);transform-origin:center;background:#fff}.buynow-education-pointer .caret:not([data-position]){display:none}.buynow-education-pointer .caret[data-position=right]{left:75%}.buynow-education-pointer .caret[data-position=center]{left:50%} #cmpsMobilePopover .a-icon-popover{display:none!important}#marginTop2Img{width:16px;margin-top:2px}#marginTop3Img{width:16px;margin-top:3px}#marginTop4Img{width:16px;margin-top:4px}#textReviews{position:absolute;left:-10000px;top:auto;width:2px;height:1px;overflow:hidden} Her analysis sets the agenda for responsible Christian intellectuals and ministers in our day.”, —Dallas Willard University of Southern California, “[Eta Linnemann] offers important insights and challenges to all who, within the academic enterprise, seek to be faithful interpreters of the Scriptures as the Word of God.”, —E. It records the history of Israel, the life of Jesus of Nazareth and the history of the early church (Krentz 1975, p. 1) in the words of humans who were inspired by God (Black & Dockery 1991, p. 76). #wow-twister-spinner { And some literary criticism—analyzing the poetic phrasing, grammar, imagery, and word arrangement—adds to an appreciation of the rich beauty of the Bible. He has edited, authored, coauthored, or translated several books, including three by Eta Linnemann and a biography of Adolf Schlatter. Attempts to find a theological `centre' are an easy target for mockery. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE HISTORICAL–CRITICAL METHOD “Higher criticism” was the name given to study of the Bible as any other fancient text, that is, as composed by human beings during particular phases in history. (window.AmazonUIPageJS ? The author presents a telling analysis of the relation of scientific method and biblical interpretation within the context of the history of ideas. 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prescription for its recovery. One of the most important branches of theologyis the science or art of Biblical criticism, the study of the history and contents, and origins and purposes, of the various books of the Bible. AmazonUIPageJS : P).load.js('https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/I/31Q4RNPCjTL.js?AUIClients/MonthlyPaymentsDetailPageAssets&X6KuZNYM#mobile.us.209620-T1'); Historical criticism as applied to the Bible began with Benedict Spinoza (1632–1677). Powered by Knownhost and the Genesis Framework. Historical Criticism of the Bible is Professor Linnemann’s first book since her conversion, and she is not mincing words. .bundle-prime-icon{margin-left:5px}.bundle-comp-preorder,.bundle-comp-prices,.bundle-comp-reviews,.bundle-comp-title{margin-bottom:3px}.bundle-comp-price-qual{font-size:.8em;color:#555}.bundle-comp-bullets{margin-top:7px}.bundle-components{padding:10px 0}.bundle-price{color:#111}.bundle-touch{display:aok-block;width:100%}.bundle-touch:active,.bundle-touch:hover,.bundle-touch:link,.bundle-touch:visited{color:#111}.bundle-comp{margin:0;padding:.5em 0;border:1px solid #ccc;border-width:0 0 1px 0}.bundle-comp-price{font-size:1em}.bundle-comp-title{display:aok-block;display:-webkit-box;max-width:400px;max-height:2.4em;font-size:1em;line-height:1.2;-webkit-line-clamp:2;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}#bundle-sheet-trigger{color:#0066c0;width:100%;border:1px solid #ccc;border-radius:2px;margin:10px 0}#bundle-sheet-trigger:hover{cursor:pointer}.bundle-sheet-container{padding:10px}.bundle-sheet-load{padding:25px 0}.bundle-sheet-error{margin:25px 0;text-align:center}.bundle-exp-hide{display:aok-hidden}.pba-cbv2.asin-face-s{white-space:normal;vertical-align:top;height:100%;border-radius:.4rem;width:17.5rem;border:.1rem #ddd solid;overflow:hidden}#pba-cbv2-chkbox-bckgrnd-s{background-color:#F4F6F6;border-top:1px solid #EFEFEF}.pba-cbv2.chkbox{margin-left:1.9rem}.pba-cbv2.prime{margin-left:1rem}.pba-cbv2.item-info{display:table;width:100%}.pba-cbv2.item-info-r{display:table-cell;vertical-align:bottom}.pba-cbv2.sm-txt{font-size:1.3rem;overflow:hidden;line-height:1.4em;max-height:2.8em;text-align:justify;margin-right:-.5em;padding-right:1em}.pba-cbv2.sm-txt:before{content:'...';position:absolute;right:0;bottom:0}.pba-cbv2.sm-txt:after{content:'';position:absolute;right:0;width:1em;height:1em;margin-top:.2em;background:#fff}.pba-cbv2-asin-brdr-err{border-color:#c40000!important}.pba-cbv2-asin-bckgrnd-err{background-color:#fcf4f4!important}.pba-cbv2.asin-face-dets{position:absolute;bottom:0;width:100%}.pba-cbv2.asin-faceout.img{max-height:15rem}#pba-cbv2-foot{background:#006E79;height:6rem;position:fixed;left:0;bottom:0;width:100%;display:table;z-index:1000}#pba-cbv2-itm-cnt-circle{width:2.5rem;height:2.5rem;border-radius:50%;background:#fff;line-height:2.5rem}.pba-cbv2-white-txt{color:#fff}#pba-cbv2-foot-price-txt{max-height:4.8rem}#pba-cbv2-foot .foot-s{display:table-cell}#pba-cbv2-item-cnt-s{min-width:6.2rem}#pba-cbv2-atc-button-s{min-width:9.3rem}#pba-cbv2-secondary-view-spacer{height:6rem;width:100%}#pba-cbv2-bttm-sht{position:fixed;width:100%;top:0;z-index:1001}.pba-cbv2-slide-up{bottom:0!important}.pba-cbv2-slide-down{bottom:-23rem!important}.pba-cbv2-bttm-sht-bckgrnd-color{background:#111;opacity:.76}.pba-cbv2-bttm-sht-hgt{height:100%;transition:background .25s ease-in-out}#pba-cbv2-bttm-sht-info{position:fixed;height:23rem;width:100%;animation-duration:.25s;transition-duration:.25s;z-index:10000;right:0;left:0;bottom:-23rem;background:#fff}#pba-cbv2-bttm-sht-close-icon{position:absolute;right:2rem;top:-3.6rem;color:#fff;padding-right:0;background-color:transparent}.pba-cbv2.expndr-tier-cont{border:0;padding-left:0;padding-right:0}.pba-cbv2.tier-expndr{border-radius:0!important}.pba-cbv2.asin-face-tier{height:300px!important;padding-left:.5rem;padding-right:.5rem}#customizable_ingressv2_text{height:75px}#pba-lob-feature-div{height:26rem;border:1px solid #ddd;border-radius:4px;overflow:hidden}#pba-lob-landing{display:table;margin-right:0;width:16rem;border-right:1px solid #ddd}#pba-lob-details{display:table-cell;vertical-align:middle}#pba-lob-carousel-head{padding-right:.5rem}#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-card{padding:10px 10px 10px 0;border-right:1px solid #ddd}#pba-lob-carousel-head{border-bottom:1px solid #ddd;margin-bottom:0;padding:8px}#pba-lob-carousel-head .a-span4{width:50%}#pba-lob-carousel-head .a-span8{width:50%}#pba-lob-carousel-head{height:10%}#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-controls{height:90%}#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-center,#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-row-inner,#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-viewport,#pba-lob-landing{height:100%!important}#pba-lob-landing-image-container{overflow:hidden}#pba-lob-landing-image-container::before{content:"";position:absolute;display:block;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;background:rgba(153,153,153,.12)} (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, c. 1990), she announces her repudiation of that methodology--which she now insists is an atheistic ideology or "theology"--and sorrows for the damage it's done to the Church of Jesus Christ. —Dallas Willard, University of Southern California. Historical criticism of the Bible, sometimes referred to as higher criticism in contrast to the textual criticism that sought to determine the most accurate reading (or original texts) of the received biblical documents, sought to apply to the scriptures the same sort of analysis commonly used for other (especially ancient) literary documents—though it should be said that biblical scholars contributed perhaps more than any others to the origin and refinement of this kind of literary analysis. (window.AmazonUIPageJS ? Title: Historical Criticism of the Bible By: Eta Linnemann Format: Paperback Number of Pages: 168 Vendor: Kregel Publications Publication Date: 2001 Dimensions: 8.5 X 5.5 (inches) Weight: 8 ounces ISBN: 082543095X ISBN-13: 9780825430954 Stock No: WW30959 AmazonUIPageJS : P).load.js('https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/I/31z7LN3-CsL.js?AUIClients/DetailPageMediaMatrixFullBottomSheetAssets'); This is the book you wish you had back in your seminary days when Bultmann was all the rage. Redacting the Bible: A Case Study in Historical Criticism By William Grassie First, the authors of the four Gospels are not actually known, though tradition attributes them to Mark, Matthew, Luke and John. AmazonUIPageJS : P).load.js('https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/I/31yoeTcupOL.js?AUIClients/AmazonUICalendar'); Prescinding from the traditional notio… I'm not going to give you a lot of technical stuff, but after 40 years of suspicion of Kurt Aland, Bruce Metzger, and Westcott and Hort, at last I own a book which refutes them powerfully. .amazon-certified-badge-container{margin:0 auto;text-align:left;display:inline-block;min-height:60px;border-top:1px solid #E0E0E0;border-bottom:1px solid #E0E0E0;padding:5px 0 10px 0}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-content-wrapper>.amazon-certified-short-detail{margin-bottom:3px}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-content-wrapper>.amazon-certified-short-detail span{font-size:15px!important}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-logo{width:55px;position:absolute;left:0;overflow:hidden;margin-top:3px}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-content{position:relative;border-radius:0 7px 7px 7px;padding:1% 0 0 0;z-index:1}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-content-wrapper{position:relative;min-height:55px;padding-left:65px;overflow:hidden}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-title{text-transform:uppercase;color:#717C78;margin-right:5px;font-size:13px!important}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-learn-more{color:#57adcb;font-size:13px!important}.amazon-certified-badge-container:hover{cursor:pointer}.amazon-certified-badge-container:hover .amazon-certified-learn-more{text-decoration:underline}.amazon-certified-explanatory-view-header{text-transform:uppercase}.amazon-certified-badge-container{width:100%;max-width:460px;border-top:none;border-bottom:none;padding-bottom:5px}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-content{border-radius:.3rem;border-color:#E0E0E0;border-style:solid;border-width:.1rem;padding:5% 3%!important}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-title{margin-right:5px}.amazon-certified-badge-container .amazon-certified-icon-triangle{margin:7px 0 0 5px}#amazon-certified-sheet-content{border:none}#amazon-certified-sheet-content #amazon-certified-explanatory-view-content{padding-left:.75rem}#amazon-certified-sheet-content .amazon-certified-sheet-header{text-transform:uppercase;margin:3% 0} I think of Professor Linnemann as The Real Thing in terms of higher critical scholarship and training, only she has seen that the German emperors of biblical scholarship have no clothes. {21} }); BIBLICAL CRITICISM, History of. Amazon has encountered an error. (window.AmazonUIPageJS ? If you are a conservative Bible scholar, you have got to own this book. 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