1. Chaix B, Chauvin P. Tobacco and alcohol consumption, sedentary lifestyle and overweightness in france: a multilevel analysis of individual and area-level determinants. The analyzes with the estimated death number at the end of the first epidemic wave do not change the conclusions of the analyzes on the real data. We aimed at characterizing the non-viral parameters that were most associated with death rate.Methods: We tested major indices from five domains (demography, public health, economy, … doi: 10.1242/jeb.01589, 12. PLoS ONE. The main recorded variants however did not appear to produce such a difference on mortality (38). J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med. Figure 1. Vulnerability is the result of complex interactions of distinct risks, exposure to the threat, and the lack of defenses or resources to deal with it. Vaccine. Bristol: Nuffield Trust (2004). 11 The theory is a favorite of conspiracy theorists. It may however be important to decipher this positive relation in a plausible chronological order: it does not seem that a higher economic support would induce a higher Covid-19 mortality, but rather that a higher death toll rate provoked a larger societal reaction, including a higher amount of economic measures, when available. Essential Media Communications. Our aim is to demonstrate how strategies identified in the model can be applied to trust maintenance during pandemic crises. Pandemic flu,‘communication disasters' and the struggle for hegemony. Received: 15 September 2020; Accepted: 26 October 2020; Published: 19 November 2020. The Australian Health Management Plan for Pandemic Influenza is for example, based upon four phases: preparation (e.g., establishing relationships, monitoring; ensuring resources are available for rapid response); standby (e.g., communication to raise public awareness); action (e.g., health care and public health responses) and stand-down (e.g., resumption of previous activities and monitoring) (37). While a clear mortality peak was observed in Europe with a quick decrease after it, it is not the case in several American countries: Mexico, Peru, and Brazil show a lasting plateau for the time being and the USA experienced a spring peak in the eastern states and a summer peak in southern ones. doi: 10.1080/13669877.2020.1758193. With an epidemiological transition toward more prevalent chronic diseases, countries with high life expectancy have also increased concurrent risks, restraining their adaptability margins. (2020). Tonkin E, Wilson AM, Coveney J, Meyer SB, Henderson J, McCullum D, et al. BMC Public Health. Graphic on Evaluating Journals Evaluating Predatory Journals Infographic. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). It has been supported by state governments in this. Protesters against restrictions associated with COVID-19 in the United States and United Kingdom have drawn upon libertarian discourses of individual and religious freedoms from state interference to challenge ongoing restrictions (68). O'Donovan B. The studied parameters regrouped the countries associated with Covid-19 highest death rates on the right of the horizontal axis. A large dependence to seasonal parameters may also modify some conclusions at the end of the pandemic (e.g., if mortality does not decrease for months in these countries). Dynamic social representations of the 2009. doi: 10.1080/03610730802545051, 27. They were recorded from the beginning of the pandemic (defined as the day when the country reached a total of 10 deaths due to Covid-19) until the peak of the pandemic. The third factorial axis represents 9.16% of the information. 64. doi: 10.1080/00324728.1975.10410201, PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar, 4. Available online at: https://essentialvision.com.au/category/essentialreport (accessed May 22, 2020). A point of difference between pandemic management and food regulation is that failure to follow public health directives has implications beyond the individual and their immediate families. (2008) 372:940–9. (2019) 43:68–74. It is difficult to account for it, but such a diffusion phase of SARS-CoV-2 may be investigated through both International Air Transport Association (IATA) databases and modeling of airplane transport (37). General practitioners and other health professionals are also important stakeholders as the public often trust information received from health professionals over that received through public health campaigns (6) or other community sources (51). How exceptional was the early August 2003 heatwave in France? PLoS ONE. Making sense of mutation: what D614G means for the COVID-19 pandemic remains unclear. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Braunack-Mayer A, Skinner SR, Collins J, Tooher R, Proeve C, O'Keefe M, et al. (2013) 22:1011–24. (2020) 395: 848–50. All statistical analyses were performed with R (version 3.6.1; The R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria). The cloud of individuals on the first factorial plane is presented in the Supplementary Figure 5. 1 to 8; 2013 to 2020; 2018 to 2020: v.6 2018: v.7 2019: v.8 2020: 2013 to 2017: v.1 2013: v.2 2014: v.3 2015: v.4 2016: v.5 2017: Articles from Frontiers in Public Health are provided here courtesy of Frontiers Media SA. BMC Infect Dis. The media is also an important stakeholder in pandemic management. As such, there is greater legal and moral regulation of public health behaviors. Combining the studied parameters, the first and second factorial planes of the PCA represent 60.27% of the information (Figure 2). Factors (including those that are health-related) will affect how individuals and population sub-groups respond to public health communications and how willing or able they are to enact communicated risk-mitigation strategies. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). This guide is designed to help you determine whether or not a particular journal is predatory. These are the high income countries with a high LE but a low progression of it, high sedentarity, obesity, high deviation from latitude 0 and low longitude (Asian countries have a high longitude, while it is negative in the Americas). Le Bourg E. Is life expectancy of french women going to plateau and oscillate? Nature. doi: 10.1080/13669877.2020.1756385, 41. Health Soc Rev. identify eight actions taken by countries successfully managing COVID-19. Work on describing and evaluating public health interventions are also within our scope. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.162537. (2018) 9:648. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2018.00648, 37. (2010) 29:2294–301. Copyright © 2020 Henderson, Ward, Tonkin, Meyer, Pillen, McCullum, Toson, Webb, Coveney and Wilson. (2020) 182:794–5. Calnan M, Rowe RE. Several countries (e.g., India, Argentina, etc.) We thank Bernard Swynghedauw and Gilles Boeuf for manuscript reading and fruitful discussion. Properly understanding the relations between those parameters may help to provide new prevention strategies. Has athletic performance reached its peak? The studied parameters regrouped the countries associated with Covid-19 highest death rates on the right of the horizontal axis. Am J Public Health. Chanel News Asia. Liao Q, Cowling B, Lam WT, Ng MW, Fielding R. Situational awareness and health protective responses to pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in Hong Kong: a cross-sectional study. For instance, the 2003 heatwave killed 30,000 to 50,000 people in Europe and 15,000 in France (13, 27), 80% of them being elderly people. Goldstein argues that when unpalatable public health messages need to be communicated they are better received if the message is delivered by agencies which are “independent of the organizations or individuals for whom the truths are inconvenient.” [(41), p. e13]. Experiencing a recent phase of stagnation, nations encounter intrinsic and extrinsic limits: plateauing has been demonstrated in the progression of life expectancy (5–7), adult height (8), or physiological maxima (9, 10). Winnipeg, MB: Prairie Women's Health Network. These groups may require different forms of communication to overcome negative perceptions of health organizations and their recommendations. The future of human longevity. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.03.017, 32. China and US were also analyzed by states or regions, when each of them reached the 10 deaths threshold. In order to support the adaption of a model of trust-building strategies relevant to food crises to trust-building in the context of epidemics and pandemics (as crises of infectious disease), there needs to be an explicit examination of assumptions made about the concept of trust and the socio-political context of trust. The first axis concentrates 37.55% of total inertia and axis 2 represents 13.56% of it. Daily environmental data (temperature, humidity, and UV index) were collected via the Darsky website (https://darksky.net/). (2010) 4:7–13. Context: The human development territories have been severely constrained under the Covid-19 pandemic. A century of trends in adult human height. Beaglehole R, Epping-Jordan J, Patel V, Chopra M, Ebrahim S, Kidd M, et al. One hundred and sixty countries were included in the study (Supplementary Table 1), accounting for a total of 846,395 deaths due to Covid-19 up to the study end point (31th August 2020). Countries with the highest life expectancy have demographically transitioned to greater proportions of older and frailer populations, susceptible to increased mortality rates when facing physical or biological aggressors, such as temperature elevations (13) or infections (14). Cloes R, Ahmad A, Reintjes R. Risk communication during the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic: stakeholder experiences from eight European countries. Disease Prevention Week. Context: The human development territories have been severely constrained under the Covid-19 pandemic. (2015) 117. doi: 10.1108/BFJ-12-2014-0419, 54. It was established in 2010 and is published by Frontiers Media, who were controversially included in Jeffrey Beall's list of "potential, possible, or probable predatory publishers".. (2009) 35:61–82. Hence specific communication strategies to target these people must be developed. The section welcomes outstanding contributions on factors that drive healthy or unhealthy development or ageing from early life onwards. West GB, Brown JH. This study has focused on the explosive sub-exponential phase of Covid-19 epidemic in each country. Frontiers is based in Lausanne, Switzerland, with other offices in London, Madrid, Seattle and Brussels. In the context of COVID-19, this is especially relevant given that there are certain groups for example older people and those with chronic conditions, who are greater risk of experiencing complications when contracting the virus (49). Monitoring the level of government trust, risk perception and intention of the general public to adopt protective measures during the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in the Netherlands. The demographic faces of the elderly. doi: 10.1029/2005GL022410, 28. Front Physiol. There is also evidence from previous epidemics, that some population groups place greater trust in informal sources of information (such as social media) rather than formal sources such as public health organizations, resulting in greater levels of worry (16). (2011) 26:761–9. Lancet. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1108296, 36. Pearson correlation coefficients and tests for association were computed to measure the correlation between each pair of parameters. The model identified ten strategies for maintaining and building trust in food regulation that may be adapted as a means of developing or maintaining public trust in and compliance with public health risk mitigation strategies. To test the optimal development niche effect, the Covid-19 mortality rates were analyzed according to the latitude and longitude of each country. Aging Mental Health. 2, 6 S., 65 Publikationen: Beiträge in Zeitschriften › Zeitschriftenaufsätze PLoS One. 38. New species of antibiotic-resistant bacteria found in … Obese communities among the best predictors of COVID-19-related deaths. View all Colizza V, Barrat A, Barthelemy M, Valleron AJ, Vespignani A. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.164814, 13. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. Soc Sci Med. (2020) 2020:1–13. The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. (2015) 45:1263–71. The editor and reviewers' affiliations are the latest provided on their Loop research profiles and may not reflect their situation at the time of review. Only 23% of Americans Have High Levels of Trust in What Trump is Saying About the Coronavirus: Poll. It is also vital to ensure that the needs of different population groups are identified and these different groups are communicated with in ways that meet their needs. The government's responses (i.e., the severity index and the containment and health index) are strongly correlated with the second factorial axis (Figures 2, 4). 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