Thankfully, there is a clue that is often missed by beginner-level learners: Mandarin Chinese has a ton of compound words! But words are not written adjacent. I am helping a Chinese friend edit her book about growing up in China. Compound words are words that are formed by connecting two or more words together to create a new meaning. Some statistical properties of a network of two-Chinese-character compound words in the Japanese language are reported. There are many ways in which the subordination can manifest itself: 房型 – fáng xíng – layout of house (house + model), 楼花 – lóu huā – building that is put up for sale before it is completed (floor + to spend), 监事 – jiān shì – supervisor (supervise + matter). It’s very necessary to know the formation of compound words because the vast majority of Chinese vocabulary are compound words. 0000009039 00000 n If you do something like this, you will make a typo. May 29, 2020 - Explore K's board "Chinese compound words", followed by 501 people on Pinterest. Examples of 100 Compound Words. Tony, Your email address will not be published. She also provides Chinese characters whenever she uses a a Pinyin word, e.g., Ayi (阿姨) or Lin Yue-jiang (林越江). These compound words are formed when two single words combine. Chinese compound should appear as a stable sequence in corpus. Here’s the full list of the top 1000 most common Chinese words with all the info you need: Chinese, Pinyin, English and 2 example sentences for each. Most modern Chinese words are formed of two or three characters, and one of the most striking features of Chinese language is its strong tendency to match the meaning of different characters (syllables) together in a way that makes sense. We employed a boundary paradigm to investigate how Chinese two-character compounds (i.e., compound words) are processed during reading. In coordinated compounds, all the characters are equally important in determining the meaning. By taking advantage of the fact that the vast majority of Chinese morphemes have a lexical nature, and memorizing characters as parts of compound words, students can learn more efficiently. Multiple characters representing a single concept are called compound or compound words. 0000002521 00000 n ( )+ 灯 The pattern:( )+ 灯 路灯 [lù dēng] : street lamp 台灯 [tái dēng] : desk lamp 白炽灯 [bái chì dēng] : incandescent light bulb 酒精灯 [jiǔ jīng dēng] : alcohol lamp 信号灯 [xìn hào dēng] : :signal lamp. If you bump into a tough character on the street or insult somebody, they might say 你皮子痒, or “your skin looks itchy.” This expression is used when expressing a desire to beat someone up. (previous page) () Hyphenated form: Words are joined together by a hyphen (daughter-in-law, over-the-counter, six-year-old). Compound Word List #12 shortbread firewater moonscape hereupon handcuff housetop tailcoat upstanding afterglow sisterhood waistline walleyed wardroom warlike warpath teapot airmen schoolwork weathercock headdress forever bedclothes fisheye highland skylark walkways wallpaper warehouse warmblooded warplanes Teacher says a compound word, and students repeat the word. In subordinate compounds, one word clearly subordinates (or supports) another. dining room. For Example, “Honey” and “Comb” are two different words, but when joined, they form another word “Honeycomb” . Open Form Compound Words. MAKE WORDS WITH BASIC COMPONENTS – DENG (灯) - TouchChinese. Oxana Ermolaeva is a freelance writer, editor and translator from Russia. Combination of two single word gives Compound Word. Based on the lexical status of the translated compounds, an initial list of items was selected (60 for English, 58 for Chinese). In Experiment 1, the words appeared non-spaced, whereas in Experiment 2 a space was inserted between the two characters. 11. government = 政zheng̀ 府fǔ. curtain rail. ... Chinese checkers; Spelling Open and Closed Compound Words. Compound word is two or more words linked together to produce a word with a new meaning. Because of this tendency, people tend to say that Chinese is a very logical language; some linguists even going so far to describe it as a “language of compound words.” Not all Chinese disyllabic (two character) words behave logically (their precise classification is still a topic of debate), but in general, this unique “character-matching” trait of Chinese language can really help a new student learn the language! Chinese words are often composed of more than one character, so vocabulary lists of single characters can be deceiving. As a result, people have created new types of compound words. 0000006057 00000 n 0000002173 00000 n Learn the most common Mandarin words, as opposed to individual characters, and learn how to speak the language. Combination of two single word gives Compound Word. 0000005927 00000 n There are three different types of compound words: Closed form: Two words are joined together to create a new meaning (firefly, softball, redhead, keyboard, makeup, notebook). In terms of compound words, they’ve transformed into various types. 蔬果 – shū guǒ – vegetables and fruits (vegetable + fruit), 亮丽 – liàng lì – very beautiful (bright + beautiful). When two words are used together to yield a new meaning, a compound is formed. … 0000002627 00000 n Most Chinese vocabulary are compound words which consist of two or three characters. Compound Word List #1: lifetime : elsewhere: upside: grandmother: cannot baseball: fireworks: passport: together: become: became: sunflower: crosswalk : basketball: sweetmeat: superstructure: moonlight: football: railroad: rattlesnake: anybody: weatherman: throwback: skateboard: meantime: earthquake: everything: herein: sometimes: also: backward: schoolhouse: butterflies: upstream: nowhere: bypass The goal is to find a word and a picture to create a compound word. 1. 1000 Most Common Chinese. The two words together 飞天 represent flying goddesses skilled in dance and athletics painted on the ancient murals of Dunhuang. They are written in three ways: Open compound words: These are spelled as two separate words. 0000006035 00000 n 0000000928 00000 n 天 means sky, heaven. It is found that this network has properties of being “small-world” and “scale-free”. However, we have not figured out what to do about pushing the pinyin words in a Chinese phrase like “Going through the backdoor.” Do you think we should write zou hou men or Zouhoumen? There are three kinds of ways for the formation of compound words. tea cup. 1. From 'aftereffect' to 'zookeeper', check out this word list for all of your compound word needs! Roots and affixes combine to form compound words 派生词. The first character of the compound was an ambiguous morpheme that had a dominant and subordinate meaning. In attributive compounds, the descriptive character precedes the noun/verb: 婚介 – hūn jiè – matchmaking (wedding + to introduce), 速递 – sù dì – express delivery (fast + to pass), 互动 – hù dòng – interaction (mutual + to move). deck chair. She loves studying new languages and cultures. In this network, a node represents a Chinese character and an edge represents a two-Chinese-character compound word. For example, for “doghouse” a kid would draw a dog and a house. That is, the components in the compound are strongly correlated, while the components lie at both ends should have low correlations with outer words. trailer << /Size 292 /Info 265 0 R /Root 267 0 R /Prev 153943 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 267 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 264 0 R >> endobj 290 0 obj << /S 961 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 291 0 R >> stream Her special interest is Chinese language. p)�T�rT�t��%���x!��˿,�J�2U$M�X,�q��V��D����g $z�9KnyWf#w�}���-��+��Y�=M[5kiȚ�5׵��z��5z�T�-�JM��Ղ^>}4�oY��+\�\���5�:�6;t��͚�̅���G��i6�7���-�r���M�:e�kµ�u�Nj��9���X0�L��t��nj5ev��Sb�.��2)�d�����%EF��.�.z����:)u��H(��.y�Hý�>�˞���9߾��?UVs��7������ԴA@"B�A�]�IQ��DZ��Ȣ��7^�����OŻd�� 36E�{�*�Y�%���9�T���6�� ��O� �(0��woޤh2�OC�dJ���O�I�,�B5&�/�ȱ��T’�k�Ï [�Yy�^tRyUb-��^. 12. massive = 巨jù 大dà 的. The Magic of Root Characters. Then, teacher divides the smaller words (root words) up amongst students (e.g. Conclusion: A more traditional approach to learning Chinese characters, learning each character as a stand-alone entity, will slow down a beginner’s acquisition of the language. living room. However, learning the symbols in this way, removing them from their context, is tiresome: especially in the early stages of learning. 0000000871 00000 n If the word is dragonfly, then one student is ‘dragon’ H�b```����x���������c�w\bB��E럿w���R����%��LB���ہ�9�!&G_��-Y��cA��dϔC�6;���w/]�1fS�b����X� 0000010090 00000 n Students will have to use their memory to succeed at this game. See more ideas about Compound words, Learn chinese, Chinese language. The meanings of Chinese compound words are listed in brackets. Here is a list of almost 1000 Compound Words in alphabetical order. In turn, this language gets passed along and circulated to what it is today. The bases tend to indicate things of the same class or kind. In general, reviewing the compound word list can also be a great idea and will familiarize you with compound words. Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! This formation is the basic formation of compound words. For example, compound words can have hyphens, spaces or no spaces at all between the two words. Only a few of these names (e.g. The article is great and matches what I am discovering as I study Chinese. Below you can see examples of 3 types of compounds: subordinate, attributive and coordinated. At first glance, learning Chinese characters can seem intimidating. 0000002150 00000 n One issue has been whether to “push” pinyin words together for Chinese names and short words, e.g., Mao Zedong or Ayi. 0000009061 00000 n Required fields are marked *, How to Write Chinese Characters (Quick Start Guide + Free Mini Course), The Best Chinese Language Learning Apps (2020), The Most Recommended Online Chinese Courses, Chinese Pronunciation: The Complete Guide for Beginner, 9 Tips to Help You Choose Chinese Lessons by Skype, Different Northern and Southern Chinese Customs and Words That You Don’t Know, Awkward Personal Questions Chinese People Ask. Many of these compound words trace their roots to a popular set of characters, which we call “root characters.” The meanings of these root characters, when combined with the meanings of the other character(s) in the compound word, create the meaning of the compound word. And it can be a difficult task, especially if you try to memorize them one by one like many teachers force students to do. 0000002734 00000 n Compound words can be written in three ways: as open compounds (spelled as two words, e.g., ice cream), closed compounds (joined to form a single word, e.g., doorknob), or hyphenated compounds (two words joined by a … Example: bed + room –> bedroom, blue + berry –> blueberry. 府 means office, official residence. Thankfully, there is a clue that is often missed by beginner-level learners: Mandarin Chinese has a ton of compound words! 0000008044 00000 n 0000007045 00000 n Would you happen to have a recommendation for a book or study guide that organizes words by compound to make it easier to learn related vocabulary? 0000002391 00000 n List of compound words for reference Activity Students repeat a compound word and delete either the first or last smaller (root) word. 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